Information for new hams
You have your new amateur radio license. What can you do
with it? You can build stuff, repair stuff, participate in emergency communications
exercises, teach/administer amateur radio licensing exams, join a local club,
operate Field Day, build antennas and participate in contests, among MANY
other things. Below is a list of common questions and answers for those who wish to operate.
If you have a question not on this page, please contact the webmaster and we'll get it
answered and put on this page.
What do I need in order to operate? For
all licensees who wish to operate, you will need a radio, antenna and power supply at the minimum.
For HF, you may also choose to purchase a tuner, either manual or automatic,
depending on your preference. You can add things like an amplifier, SWR/Watt
meter, antenna tuner control box for specific enhancements as you prefer.
What radios are available? For all licensees,
some of the more popular radios are Alinco
Technicians do have privileges on HF, VHF, UHF including working stations via amateur satellites,
DMR, D-Star, Fusion, the International Space Station and Echolink. Technician class operators have privileges on 1.2GHz, 900MHz, 440MHz, 220MHz, 2m, 6m and some HF frequencies/modes. Those are
outlined in the ARRL Band Plan
(PDF). With any amateur radio license, you can assist with events like
Field Day, Oklahoma City Memorial Marathon, Rush Springs Watermelon Festival, Edmond
Siren Test, Edmond Liberty Fest and other similar events. Those links are on our Links page.
What type of radio should I purchase? This
depends on your operating preference. A handheld radio has 5w of power at
high power. A mobile radio has 50-75w of power at high power. HF radios have
up to 400w, but most have up to 100w of power. You can operate low power (QRP)
using a radio like a .Yaesu
FT-817ND though this is not the ONLY radio that runs low power.
Where can I purchase the radio? Some popular
places to buy new radios include Associated
Radio, DX Engineering,
Radio Outlet, Main Trading
Company and Universal Radio.
You can also purchase used equipment at these places, as well as eBay, QTH,
QRZ and Amazon.
What antenna do I need? Examples of antennas
for mobile, base and portable include the following:
Mobile: Magmount antennas, NMO mount antennas
Base: Dipoles, verticals, beams, inverted vee
Satellite Antennas: Arrow
What feedline (coax) should I use? There
are many types of amateur radio coax. You should use 50-ohm coax if at all
possible for your mobile and base radios. The handheld radios do not require
coax unless you plan to use the radio to connect to a mobile or base antenna.
The more popular coax is RG-8x, RG-213, LMR-400. You can visit Mike Lapuzza in Mustang and he will have what you need in the way of coax,
connectors, baluns, rope and other antenna hardware.
OK, now you have a station setup and are ready to make contacts.
On what bands and frequencies can I operate?
ARRL Band Plan (PDF)
Where would I find stations to contact? There
are several places you can find stations to contact including nets, special
event stations, DX Summit
and the DXMaps.
If you are using a tuner on HF, you will need to find a clear frequency and
tune your radio/tuner. This should not be done on a busy frequency or within
3KHz of that busy frequency.
Once you are tuned for that band, you can find
a clear frequency by listening to a particular frequency (as well as 3KHz
above and below it), give your callsign and say "Is the frequency in
use?" a few times. If you get no response, then you may give your callsign
and say CQ CQ CQ this is ______ calling CQ and standing by. Then you wait
for a station to give his/her callsign and you exchange signal reports and
log the contact when you're finished with each station. You may have to repeat
that several times before a station comes back to you. Be sure to check band
openings on DXMaps website.
Contests will offer lots of stations to contact, but you need to know the format of the exchange (what you say to the station and what they say back to you). N3FJP offers software for a lot of the more popular contests. You are limited to 30 contacts on the software before you must purchase it. If you make 30 contacts
on the software, it will shut down the program after each contact after 30.Then,
you must restart the program after each contact, which will slow you down.
Most of his software is $8.99 each. You receive the code via email.
How do I keep track of stations that I contact? There
are many logging programs you can use including Ham Radio Deluxe, Netlogger, N1MM, N3FJP, CQR Log, MicroLog
and many others. Refer to ARRL's
website for information on logging. You can also use online logging sites like QRZ, Logbook
of the World, HRDLog,
and QRZCQ. Some of these
are free to use. Others require a paid subscription.
How do I confirm contacts I have made for awards?
You can use QSL cards, which are made by several individuals and companies OR you can just do online logging OR both. That is up to you!
DISCLAIMER: The Aeronautical Center Amateur Radio Club
does not have any financial relationship with any of the companies or individuals
mentioned above. This page is merely a starting point for new hams or hams
who have questions about what they can do with their new license.